80% of the rural population in Burkina Faso rely heavily on agriculture and livestock for their livelihoods. It has the highest level of degradation in West Africa, with 40% of its land degraded. About 34% of the land in Burkina Faso, mainly grazing areas, has deteriorated due to anthropogenic factors, at a rate of 105,000 to 250,000 hectares per year, while 74% of arid and semi-arid areas are affected by desertification or land degradation.
The study area covers the communes of Mogtedo (25 villages) and Boudri (more than 69 villages) located in the Sudanian zone in the Central Plateau Region of Burkina Faso with pastoral zones Gadghin & Mankarga found among the 2 respective communes. The main activities are agriculture and animal husbandry. Other activities such as handicraft and gold panning.
Area: 1,385 Km2.
Population: 80,027 with 11,934 households, densely populated with a population growth rate of about 3.85% per year.
Climate: Primarily tropical climate with two distinct seasons. The rainy season receives around 750mm of rainfall; in the dry season, the harmattan – a hot dry wind from the Sahara- blows. The study area is under the Sudan Sahel Climatic zone.